RTI 2005 - The Right to Information Act Explained in Simple Terms


The Right to Information Act 2005 or RTI 2005, came into force in order to encourage a corruption free, transparent and accountable form of government in which the citizens feel a sense of power and safety.

India is a democratic nation and in order to encourage true democracy, every Indian citizen can demand certain information from the Government if desired.

This is the motto of RTI 2005: to grant freedom to the people in order to seek information from the Government.

RTI 2005 is applicable to all states of India except for Jammu and Kashmir.

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Under the act, a citizen can demand from any public or government authority any information (as long as it does not pertain to national security and defence or some personal information) and the authority is supposed to respond within a period of 30 days to the application.

Also, every government / public authority is supposed to computerize their records for wide distribution of information. On 15th June 2005 the Parliament had passed the law and on 12th October 2005, the law fully came to force. The first application for RTI was submitted at a police station in Pune.

In order to know about the situations where you can use RTI 2005, read further!

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How to Make Use of RTI 2005:

Let us assume you come across the construction of a flyover which is largely disturbing the traffic of the area. Months later, you notice the construction is as it is and there is no improvement in the project.

In such cases, you can submit an application under the RTI 2005, to the PIO (Public Information Officer) regarding the information about the condition of the project. As a citizen, you have the right to demand the information of what work is being carried out relating to the flyover. The PIO is obligated to provide information if demanded by any citizen. In case your request concerns another government authority, then it is the duty of the PIO to forward your application.

However, if you desire to seek information from a public authority, you will be required to pay a certain amount as filing the RTI Fees. The payment mode varies and depends upon whether the information sought is from central government, or State government. The fees is payable to the Accounts Officer of the public authority.

The fee for seeking information varies with different states and must be sent along with your RTI application. Further fee towards the cost of providing information might also be required; the details will be intimated to you by the PIO. These typically involve cost of photocopying and other administrative charges. They are in the range of Rs 2 to Rs 50

Right to information act of 2005 simplified for common man

This was just one example. There are number of situations wherein an RTI can be filed, like:

  • Passport delay
  • Delay in getting IT refund, PPF withdrawal, pensions etc.
  • Delay in getting refunds from IRCTC, Nationalised Banks on failed transactions
  • Getting information on various infrastructure and public welfare projects
  • Information for knowing the use of various funds allocated for public emergencies, welfare and utilities including MP, MLA and even PM relief funds
  • Information on delays in implementation and execution of projects
  • Information about permissions and legality of real estate projects
  • Knowing about illegal encroachments for any premises Finding out the admission criteria of IIM and IITs or any competitive exam conducted by a government body or a Public sector unit(PSU)
  • Seeking the status of or reasons for delay in filing FIRs
  • Rechecking of papers, delay in results/issue of certificate by universities

And there are lot more situations where RTI can help out. Basically you get the idea, right?

Things to remember when filing an application under RTI 2005:

There are a number of things to be kept in mind and mentioned while filing an RTI application, such as:

  • Name of the department from which information is required
  • To whom the application should be addressed
  • What should be written in the application with clear and exact information required.

You can also submit an RTI request online. We are here to help you in filing an RTI application successfully.

We will take care of all the hassle and ensure that your application safely reaches its destination.

By law, the authorities are required to respond within 30 days however if this does not happen, an appeal may be filed.

Want to file an RTI? Click here. Incase you need any further help, leave your comments and we will help out.

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